1. Linux安装docker

    1. 首先用vagrant创建一个新的虚拟机。这里不在过多说明,有需要请移步这篇文章<<Mac上下载安装Vagrant、配置打包属于自己的开发环境(使用Homestead后续也会更新出来)>>

      1. 这里简单粗略的贴一下创建过程
      zhengniu@Mac vagrant % mkdir docker2 && cd docker2  # 创建一个新的文件夹并且进入文件夹
      zhengniu@Mac docker2 % vagrant box list  #列出当前所有Box              
      docker_ubuntu (virtualbox, 0)
      ub2020        (virtualbox, 0)
      ubuntu1606    (virtualbox, 0)
      zhengniu@Mac docker2 % vagrant box add docker2 ../box/ubuntu1606.box #添加一个名称为docker2的Box
      ==> box: Box file was not detected as metadata. Adding it directly...
      ==> box: Adding box 'docker2' (v0) for provider:
          box: Unpacking necessary files from: file:///Users/zhengniu/Downloads/study/vagrant/box/ubuntu1606.box
      ==> box: Successfully added box 'docker2' (v0) for 'virtualbox'!        
      zhengniu@Mac docker2 % vagrant init docker2  #初始化一个新VM 即虚拟机
      A `Vagrantfile` has been placed in this directory. You are now
      ready to `vagrant up` your first virtual environment! Please read
      the comments in the Vagrantfile as well as documentation on
      `vagrantup.com` for more information on using Vagrant.
      zhengniu@Mac docker2 % ls #生成一个配置文件
      zhengniu@Mac docker2 % sudo vi Vagrantfile #修改配置文件

      config.vm.network "private_network", ip: "" #打开配置设置静态IP (和主机保持在同一网段)

      zhengniu@Mac docker2 % vagrant up # 启动虚拟机
      Bringing machine 'default' up with 'virtualbox' provider...
      ==> default: Importing base box 'docker2'...
      ==> default: Matching MAC address for NAT networking...
      ==> default: Setting the name of the VM: docker2_default_1599362376454_99012
      ==> default: Clearing any previously set network interfaces...
      ==> default: Preparing network interfaces based on configuration...
          default: Adapter 1: nat
          default: Adapter 2: hostonly
      ==> default: Forwarding ports...
          default: 22 (guest) => 2222 (host) (adapter 1)
      ==> default: Running 'pre-boot' VM customizations...
      ==> default: Booting VM...
      ==> default: Waiting for machine to boot. This may take a few minutes...
          default: SSH address:
          default: SSH username: vagrant
          default: SSH auth method: private key
          default: Warning: Connection reset. Retrying...
          default: Warning: Remote connection disconnect. Retrying...
          default: Vagrant insecure key detected. Vagrant will automatically replace
          default: this with a newly generated keypair for better security.
          default: Inserting generated public key within guest...
          default: Removing insecure key from the guest if it's present...
          default: Key inserted! Disconnecting and reconnecting using new SSH key...
      ==> default: Machine booted and ready!
      ==> default: Checking for guest additions in VM...
          default: The guest additions on this VM do not match the installed version of
          default: VirtualBox! In most cases this is fine, but in rare cases it can
          default: prevent things such as shared folders from working properly. If you see
          default: shared folder errors, please make sure the guest additions within the
          default: virtual machine match the version of VirtualBox you have installed on
          default: your host and reload your VM.
          default: Guest Additions Version: 5.1.38
          default: VirtualBox Version: 6.0
      ==> default: Configuring and enabling network interfaces...
      ==> default: Mounting shared folders...
          default: /vagrant => /Users/zhengniu/Downloads/study/vagrant/docker2   #与主机默认的共享目录
          zhengniu@Mac docker2 % vagrant ssh # 进入创建的虚拟机
          Welcome to Ubuntu 16.04.6 LTS (GNU/Linux 4.4.0-161-generic x86_64)
           * Documentation:  https://help.ubuntu.com
           * Management:     https://landscape.canonical.com
           * Support:        https://ubuntu.com/advantage
          0 packages can be updated.
          0 updates are security updates.
          New release '18.04.5 LTS' available.
          Run 'do-release-upgrade' to upgrade to it.
Last modification:October 12, 2020